Tragovi prošlih i suvremenih migracija u vokalnim tradicijama hrvatskih otoka

Nedjelja 16.9.2018.


  • dr. sc., Joško Ćaleta, Institut za etnologiju i folkloristiku, Zagreb

Traces of  Past and Present Migrations in Vocal Traditions of the Croatian Islands

 Music-making of the Dalmatian (Adriatic) islands is opened towards forms of musical expression which originate in other social communities, other regions, and even other lands.  (Bezić 1999)

During their long and turbulent history, the Croatian islands were the final destinations for numerous refugees, especially those coming from the Dinaric region. This history of migration started in 16th century when broad population of Hinterlanders took refuge on the islands, fleeing from the Turkish incursions. The isolated life on islands preserved many customs, dialects, rituals, skills, oral traditions, myths and legends as well as certain  mainland mentality. On the other side, there is a high degree of openness toward the other civilizations as a result of centuries long communication over the sea. It is no surprise that today's most popular form of urban traditional vocal music (klapa singing) has found its source in the vocal music traditions preserved on the islands.  Listening to the recordings and reading through the manuscripts made by the earlier researchers of islands' vocal traditions, one could easily gain the wrong impression of present traditional music on the islands. The largest part of that repertoire consists, namely, of narrative songs, songs accompanied by gusle playing, ojkanje songs in narrow intervals, and weddings songs. These musical examples belong to the older layer of traditional music, almost unknown on the island today.  Some of these songs are perhaps remembered by the older members of the village populations, but they are barely present in the contemporary music practice of islands, as well as - at best - placed in the background of the musical identities of modern islanders. In other words, these styles of singing, bearing the traces of past migrations to the islands, are not only foreign to the contemporary soundscape of Croatian islands, but in a way also deliberately excluded from them in favor of more "modern" and "ear-pleasing" klapa repertoire. 



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