Papua New Guinea - Philippines - New Zealand

Papua New Guinea
462,840 km2 Population 4,927,000, Port Moresby Capital
300.076 km2 100.981.437 inhabitants, Capital of Manila
New Zealand
268,680 km2 4,092,900 inhabitants, Capital Wellington


Papua New Guinea has a GDP per capita of $ 2,555.85, the Philippines of $ 2,988.95, and New Zealand $ 42,941. In terms of area, these three island nations are among the largest, with Papua New Guinea and the Philippines among the lowest, with New Zealand having a higher GDP than Japan and the United Kingdom.

Papua New Guinea is a member of the Commonwealth and the British Queen is the formal head of state. The relief is extremely diverse. It is assumed that the first settlers arrived on the islands about 60,000 years ago from Southeast Asia. The Spanish and Portuguese reached the island in the first half of the 16th century. Colonized at the end of the 19th century, the southern half was occupied by Great Britain and northern Germany. After independence in 1975, political instability reigned in the country. Most of the population lives on agriculture. The main export products are oil, gold and copper. In the capital, Port Moresby, a European and residential area has been built next to the indigenous districts.

Philippines - The Spanish colony lasted 333 years. During colonial rule, Manila developed into the originator of Southeast Asia. In the Spanish-American War of 1898, the Americans conquered the Philippines. The attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 was followed by a Japanese invasion of the Philippines. In 1946, the independence of the Philippines was declared. From 1965 to 1986, President Marcos ruled dictatorially. Since 1992, the Philippines 2000 has significantly improved opportunities in the country. Of the total of 7100 islands, only about 860 are permanently inhabited. The eleven largest islands, which occupy 95% of the total area of ​​the national territory, are home to the vast majority of the population. The population in the Philippines increased from about 1990 to 2008 by about 28 million. In the economy, the service sector is leading, followed by industrial and agricultural. In addition to rich inventories of wood, nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, silver, gold and copper, the Philippines is developing, with the assistance of foreign investors, an increasingly competitive industry (electronic, textile, pharmaceutical, chemical, wood, food, etc.); Shipbuilding is among the most developed in the world. It is not clear that in such a thriving economy, GDP is very low ($ 2,989 per capita).

New Zealand consists of two larger islands, the North and the South, and a larger number of smaller islands. New Zealand's history is relatively short: it is the last inhabited land on Earth. From 1839 to 1841, New Zealand was part of the Australian colony of New South Wales. In 1891, the Liberal Party came to power and was among the first in the world to implement a comprehensive program of social reform. In World War I, more than 100,000 New Zealanders fought on the British side. It involved 140,000 soldiers in World War II. New Zealand is a parliamentary monarchy in the Commonwealth and has no written constitution. The head of government is the British Queen, who is represented in New Zealand by the Governor-General, whom she appoints at the proposal of the Prime Minister of New Zealand. New Zealand throughout its history has had a high standard of living and a stable economy, based primarily on a strong connection to the UK. When the United Kingdom became a member of the European Economic Community in 1973, New Zealand's products made it difficult to access the British market. And what will happen when the UK leaves E.U. ? New Zealand, however, has, in recent years, launched an ambitious immigration program that has attracted educated professionals from Asia but also from Europe.



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