316 km2 404,500 inhabitants Valletta capital 5,700 inhabitants

Malta has half the population of Zageb.

This country in the Mediterranean Sea consists of several islands and islets, three of which are inhabited. The largest island is Malta, where most of the country's population lives. One of the most densely populated countries in the world. Since 21 September 1964, Malta has been independent of the United Kingdom and since 1 May 2004 a member of the European Union. Christianity was brought to Malta by the apostle St. Paul, who wreaked havoc on this island. The first settlers of the Maltese islands were the farmers who settled here around 5200 BC. Cr. from Sicily. Sometime around 3500 BC. Cr. this culture built some of the oldest religious buildings in the world, such as the ijegantija temples on Gozo. Around 700 BC Cr. the Greeks come to the islands. The Carthaginians used Malta to grow olives, carob and produce cloth. With the division of the Roman Empire into East and West in the 4th century, Malta came under the control of Byzantium. A new irrigation system, some new fruit and cotton crops were introduced during Arab rule. During Norman rule, Malta experienced a boom. During the reign of the Knights of Malta, many construction and cultural projects were made on the islands. Napoleon conquered Malta in his war campaign to Egypt in 1798. In 1814, through the Paris Peace Agreement, Malta officially became part of the British Empire.

The landscape of the island is characterized by small hills and fields. The main and only inhabited islands of the country are Malta (315 km²), Gozo (67 km²) and Comino (3 km²). About half of the country's drinking water is produced by desalination.

Maltese make up the largest proportion of Malta's population. The largest minority in the country are Britons, the largest number being retired people who later moved to Malta.100% of Malta's population speak Maltese, 88% speak English, 66% Italian and 17% French. Across the island are catacombs dating from the Roman persecution of Christians, the most famous of which are the catacombs of Sts. Paul and St. Agate.

The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 significantly benefited the Maltese economy due to the increased number of ships calling at ports here to refuel.

Tourism infrastructure has increased significantly over the last few years. Currently, Malta and Tunisia are agreeing to exploit the submarine space between the two countries, largely to extract natural gas. The main means of public transportation in the country are buses. There are three major natural harbors on the island of Malta. There are also two artificial ports connecting the islands of Malta and Gozo. The Maltese International Airport is the only airport in the Maltese Islands. It was built on the premises of the former RAF Air Force Base. Since 2007, the two islands have been connected by a seaplane that flies three times a day.

Because of this richness, Valletta was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Europe in 1980. In 1979, Dubrovnik was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The island of Gozo, although slightly smaller in area than Vis, has 31,000 inhabitants, which is 10 times the size of Vis.

Malta has $ 19,739 of GDP per capita, Croatia $ 12,324.




People of Malta 5.58 min




Financial support