Madagascar is the second largest island state in the world behind Indonesia

Madagascar is the second largest island nation in the world behind Indonesia

587,040 km2 17,501,871 st. Capital of Antananarivo


Madagascar was settled about 1500 years ago. Traveling to India in the 16th century, Europeans encountered the coast of Madagascar and established smaller trading stations. In 1896, after the division of interest spheres in Africa, France declared the island a colony. The economy has accelerated; Railways and ports were built, lucrative coffee, vanilla and tobacco crops were imported. Madagascar is the largest vanilla producer in the world. In 1956, the island gained broad self-government and in 1960 independence. The population is similar to that of ex Yugoslavia.

The population of Madagascar is composed primarily of peoples of Malay-Polynesian descent. Madagascar belongs to the group of the 20 poorest countries in the world. GDP is less than $ 250 per capita. France remains the country's main foreign trade partner. Due to isolation from the rest of the world's mainland, about 5% of all animal and plant species on Earth live on the island, 80% of which are endemic.

Antanarivo is the capital of Madagascar. In 1975, it had a population of 450,000, and in 2005, 1,400,000. Madagascar has about 30 cities. All but the capital are under 200,000 to about 20,000.

In Madagascar, semi-precious stones and silk weaving workshops can be seen. Some of the tourist attractions are the way of making traditional vessels, aluminum tools, and paper workshops. Madagascar also owns national parks. Found only in Madagascar, lemurs are the ultimate trademark of the country.

Tolagnaro is a city in the far southeast of Madagascar with a population of 42 944. It is approximately 1,096 km from the capital, Antananarivo. It has a smaller port in the Indian Ocean of local importance, mainly exporting dried fish, lumber, bovine wax, peanut beans, agave, castor oil and other agricultural products and livestock from the interior. Its large beaches have long attracted tourists, so the city has several hotels and restaurants. The city also has a small airport. A large mine of ilmenite (a kind of titanium) is opening up around the city, which is why a new port was built in 2009 - Echoal, mining and residential buildings, and new roads to the mine. It is a project to build a new port for the export of mined material and to serve as a general cargo / tourist ship / passenger ferry port. A very large amount of dredging work and a large breakwater were required, including the design and construction of the dock.

During 2000, Madagascar announced the invention of large quantities of oil.


A Malagasy Family’s Journey to Overcome Poverty 4.28 min.

Madagascar: de Tananarive à Ranomafana par la RN 7 11.55 min



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