Japan and the United Kingdom

Japan and the United Kingdom

Japan 377,835 km2 127,450,000 Capital Tokyo

United Kingdom 243,610 km2 65,648,100 Capital London


Japan is one and a half times smaller in size than the United Kingdom, but has twice the population. Japan consists of 6852 islands, with the largest islands from north to south: Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu accounting for more than 97% of the area. Japan is a mountainous country, since about 80% of the surface is made up of mountains. About 66% of the area is covered by forests. The capital city is Tokyo, which with its neighboring cities has a population of about 32 million and is the largest metropolitan area of ​​the world. By nominal GDP, it is the third world economy.

The first Japanese state was formed in the period 300-710. year n.e. Honshu Island stands out for its size and development, with over 80% of the population living in it and the majority of industrial regions located. Until the mid-19th century, Japan was a land of feudal order. In 1889 he introduced the Constitution modeled after the western country. The constitutional parliamentary monarchy is headed by the emperor.

Japan has a temperate climate and 4 distinct seasons. It is the fourth world exporter and the sixth importer. It imports more than 50% of cereals and satisfies almost all demand for meat products by import. It has one of the largest fishing fleets and is responsible for 15% of the world's fish catches. The largest steel exporter in the world and the largest manufacturer of ships and cars. By 2025, it will have 120 million inhabitants, and in 2050 only 100 million GDP per capita will be $ 38,428.


United Kingdom

The Celts, Romans, Anglo-Saxons, and Vikings, respectively, conquered this island and established their rule. In 1066 the Normans invaded and conquered England. Subsequently, England became the most powerful country to first occupy Ireland and then Wales to unite with Scotland in 1603. Around 400 BC Cr. people started settling in the villages, cultivating land and raising animals Julius Caesar invaded Britain in 54 BC. Cr. The Romans built a network of cities as centers of commerce and regional government. After the departure of the Romans in 410, the Germanic Anglosas tribe began to invade Britain. In 1066 the Normandy Duke William invaded England. The Normans built fortresses to strengthen their rule and invoke a strong central authority in England. In 1265, Henry III. invited the representatives of cities, nobility and clergy to London as the first parliament to advise the government. Within a century, parliament had acquired the right to legislate and collect taxes. In the late 20th century, Britain became a multicultural society after the arrival of numerous immigrants from ex-colonies in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean. The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy by law and without a written constitution.

In the past, as Europe's life unfolded along the Mediterranean and the United Kingdom's geographical position was peripheral. The UK is located along the busiest part of the world - the English Channel (French La Manche). The United Kingdom was one of the victors in World War II, but afterwards found itself in dire economic straits. It solved its problems by nationalizing entire industries, such as coal, railways, electricity, ports, and US financial assistance under the Marshall Plan, and the gradual independence of the former colonies. The almost complete liberalization of the economy peaked in the tkz period. Thatcherism (by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, 1979-90). GDP per capita is $ 39,720.


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