ISLAND VIS MORE THAN TWO ISLAND STATES

ISLAND VIS MORE THAN TWO ISLAND STATES

Two island states (out of 49 in total) are smaller in area than the island of Vis in Croatia. Why the island of Vis? Because this is the island where we plan to establish Nova Issa - the World Center for Island Life and Culture. The island of Vis is the headquarters of the "Anatomy of the Island - Center for Research and Development" association, which already planned to establish a world center in 2012.
For the first time in 5 years we organized international symposia and workshops on Vis. In this way, we created a documentation base on island issues. At the workshops, we completed 24 projects specific to the situation on the island of Vis. Afterwards, we applied the same scheme to Lastovo Island, where 3 workshops and 2 symposia have been held so far, and a third is planned in 2020.

At Vis we moved to the World Center organization for which we have been collecting basic information for a year. Some of these analyzes can be seen on our website www.anatomija-toka.com.

In this analysis, we compare the two smallest island states of Tuvalu and Nauru with the island of Vis.
The island state of Tuvalu has an area of ​​26.0 km2 and Nauru 21.0 km2. Vis has an area of ​​90.0 km2. Vis is in last place in terms of population, it has 3.640 inhabitants. Nauru has 9,300 and Tuvalu 11,460. It is interesting that at the beginning of the 19th century Vis had a similar population, about 10,000. Since then, the population has been steadily shrinking to around 6,500 less today than 210 years ago. The reasons for this decrease are various. First there was emigration due to grapevine disease, which was the basic culture of the island. After that came II. After World War II, Vis was transformed into a military island with neither access nor development.

Protestant missionaries came to Tuvalu in the mid-19th century, and in 1892 the United Kingdom proclaimed a protectorate. October 1st. 1978 Tuvalu becomes a parliamentary monarchy within the Commonwealth. About 1,000 tourists visit Tuvalu annually (2,000 tourists in 2016). Government revenue comes mostly from philately and leasing an Internet domain. GDP per capita is about $ 1,100, in Croatia $ 12,480. Fruit and fisheries are major economic resources.

The first settlers of Nauru were the Micronesians and Polynesians over 3,000 years ago. Christian missionaries came to the island in 1888. In 1970, a local phosphate extraction society was founded. This nationalized society made Nauru one of the highest standards of life in the Pacific, and at that time it was the second richest country in the world (per capita).
Nauru gained his independence in 1968. Since 2001, the economy has been maintained with the assistance of the Australian Government, which in turn has called on Nauru to guard asylum seekers attempting to enter Australia.

The island of Vis has been inhabited for over 5000 years. The first organized state was founded in Vis by Greek colonizers who came from Syracuse Island in 490 BC. The independent Greek polis together with the later Roman rule lasted about 1000 years. There are no historical sources after that until the beginning of the 10th century. Then the island is inhabited by Croats who came from the Dalmatian coast. The architecture is predominantly Renaissance, developing further and following European styles and periods. Today, Vis is dominated by two cities, Vis and Komiža, which are located on the coast, and in the interior there are 12 villages. Tourism, as the main source of income, developed more strongly only after the Homeland War, when the military status of the island was abolished. In addition to tourism, the population is engaged in agriculture (vineyards, olives, lemons and oranges). There is a high school in Vis, so you need to go to the universities to Split or Zagreb to study at colleges.

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