100.860 km2 11.184.023 Capital Havana


If Iceland is one of the most idyllic island states, Cuba is certainly one of the most famous. Cigars are one of the Cuban brands, and cheerfulness and Cuban music are another. The way Cubans survive, despite the statistics being very unfavorable, is an eternal puzzle. No information on the relationship between their salaries and the means of subsistence can explain the Cuban everyday life and tourist satisfaction.

Slavery was abolished in 1886. In 1959, Cuba became the first Marxist state in Latin America. In 1960, Castro signed a treaty on aid and trade with the USSR, and a year later appropriated US and British oil companies. In 1989, relations with the United States improved somewhat, and American companies began to invest heavily in Havana affairs, and thousands of wealthy tourists wanted to feel the whim of Cuban elegance and decadence. In rural areas, life is fundamentally unchanged and the peasantry still lives on simple foods such as beans, rice and bananas. Nevertheless, a major educational program is very successful, though the ultimate goal of creating a "new man" may not be achieved.


Cuba has more than 1500 islands, and the main island of Cuba accounts for almost 95% of the total area. In the famous Guantanamo Bay in the southeast of the country is a US military base. Cuba's economy is booming due to the increasing tourism industry every year. GDP per capita is about $ 7,602.


Havana is the capital, Cuba's largest port and leading shopping mall. It has a population of about 2,200,000. Spanish King Philip II granted Havana the status of city in 1592. Old Havana (La Habana Vieja), which contains the core of the original city of Havana, is the richest collection of colonial architecture in Latin America. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. Through the 19th century, Havana was enriched by the construction of various cultural institutions, as the Gran Teatro de La Habana Theater, one of the most magnificent in the world. Numerous luxury hotels, casinos and nightclubs built during the 1930s served the booming tourism industry, in strong rivalry with Miami. There were 135 cinemas operating in Havana, which was generating more revenue than Las Vegas at the time, more than Paris or New York. Hemingway spent 22 years in Cuba and many movie and music stars visited Havana, including Frank Sinatra, Ava Gardner, Marlene Dietrich and Gary Cooper.



Ten things to do in Havana, Cuba 11.11 min


10 Things You Should NOT Do in Cuba! 9.08 min



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